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Best Professional Practices for Artists: The Artist Resume. While serving as a juror for a large group exhibition, I had to view a number of solution essay, professional artist resumes. Overall, the experience was less than pleasant. I was shocked and dismayed by the disorganization I encountered. One resume did not have the artist#8217;s name at the topif they had been selected, there would have been NO WAY to contact them! Several resumes did not include basic contact information. Others included lengthy descriptions of professional experiences that had nothing to do with an non fiction art career, and still others were difficult to navigate, with pages and pages of small-type font. I actually felt my brain hurting as I hunted for the basic information and experience which mattered. Essay? If you are going to on child labor be evaluated for problem solution for high school a professional opportunity based on your resume, the number one thing you need to do is make your information easily available. Make the font legible. Keep the size large enough to read without reading glasses.
Use bullets and clearly separated or labelled sections. Is there enough white space? Too much white space? If you fail to cover these basics, your resume will be useless. The Art Resume vs. The Employment Resume. Art resumes are very different from your job resume. The purpose of an art resume is to help an artist to win awards and grants, to gain acceptance into a residency program, or to achieve exhibition opportunities. None of this has anything to do with your former employment in non-art-related fields. You will want to leave your employment experience out, for the most part.
Another main issue: length. Typically, an art resume is two to three pages long. Paper De Marketing? If you are asked for a #8216;Curriculum Vitae,#8217; this document can be many pages in length and include everything you#8217;ve ever done in art related fields, but a resume really should be no longer than two pages. Your art resume should be edited down to problem essay for high the essentials most recent accomplishments listed chronologically with recent items first, your education, your contact information, and, if applicable, your professional experience. Who is essays, your audience? What is your goal? The more research you can do on whoever is going to be reviewing your resume, the problem solution for high school better for you. Thesis On Child In Nepal? How can you make yourself look most appealing to your audience? Often times, less information that has been carefully edited counts as more. Contact information is always first. Include your name, address, phone, email, and website.
I think it is a good idea to solution for high print this part larger than the paper rest for essay school easy and quick viewing. Education goes next. Include your most recent degrees first. If you have a degree in something non-art related, you may want to leave it out. Competitive artist residencies can also be listed here as well.
I suggest putting #8216;Awards and Honors#8217; next, if you have any. This category is important because it digtinguishes you from all the other candidates. If you have been awarded a grant, put it here. If you received an paper art award at essay, college graduation, it goes here. Any #8216;Best in Show#8217; awards, cash prizes, or other distinctions go here. These items are a big deal. Solo Exhibitions go next, listed chronologically. If you have only had one or two, it may make you look inexperienced, so list them in a more general exhibition section. If you are editing your information, which I highly recommend, then call this section #8216;Select Exhibitions.#8217; Juried Exhibitions can be a separate category.
Base your decision to include a juried section on your numbers of these. Typically, a juried exhibition is critical thinking, seen as being more impressive than a group exhibition, especially if the juror is well-known. Always list the name of the juror in addition to the basic exhibition information: Show Title, Gallery Name, City and solution school State, Exhibition Dates. This type of name-dropping is strategic, especially in an art world that is essay review, small and inter-connected. #8216;Group Exhibitions#8217; or #8216;Select Group Exhibitions#8217; (if you are editing) go next. Choose what to include based on what you are applying for. For example, if your resume is essay, part of a packet you are sending to a gallery, you may want to edit out shows done in coffee shops or other #8216;non-gallery#8217; spaces. Gallerists tend to be snobs. Also, if you have exhibited with a gallery that is seen as #8216;less desirable#8217; than the one you are applying to leave it out. School? If you have showed with someone that your goal gallery has a good relationship with, great highlight it by leaving out #8216;filler.#8217; Your goal in this section is to display a breadth of experience and a professional appearance. You want to seem responsible and solution for high school easy to work with this makes you a more desirable candidate. The next section should be #8216;Press#8217; or #8216;Select Bibliography.#8217; To be a viable candidate for pretty much anything, you need to have some kind of press.
Press on online sources and blogs are absolutely fine. Even a small local newspaper or newsletter is academic papers, worth mentioning. If a group show you participate in is reviewed, but you are not mentioned, then what? If you need more lines in your press section, then include it. Essay? If you have enough press to look respectable, leave it out. 8. Related Professional Experience. This last section is optional: #8216;Related Professional Experience.#8217; Remember, your artist resume is not a job resume.
Your goal is not getting a job, but rather a show, a grant, or a residency, therefore anything NOT art related should be left out. This section can include professional memberships, volunteering, published writing, and any art-related jobs you have held. Don#8217;t worry if it seems like there are gaps here this is not a job resume! I know that many professional resumes include an objective. This takes up unnecessary space and is redundant. If you are applying for thesis in nepal something specific, your objective will be obvious. Leave this section out of an problem essay for high school artist resume. You should keep an all-encompassing curriculum vitae on your computer in non fiction essays order to cut and paste the problem for high school info into problem solution essay for high, a new, shorter resume designed for a specific purpose. One other, last suggestion is to problem essay look at several examples of resumes by paper, artists you respect. Most artist or gallery websites have easily down-loadable resumes. Choose a certain aesthetic, appearance, or organizational strategy for solution for high yourself based on these examples.
Happy applications! Oh, and if you want to read the problem essay school Professional Practices Post from last month on Artist Statements, click here. Author Cara Ober is solution for high, Founding Editor at BmoreArt. Essay Example? Cara Ober is the Founding Editor at problem essay for high, BmoreArt. How to papers done Become Your Own Artist-Advocate: Matthew Mann. Biggs and problem solution essay Featherbelle: The Sweet Smell of Success. Black Voices in Contemporary Art Criticism.
Where are all the review Black art critics? Inertia: Studio Visit with Rene Trevino. Guggenheim Fellowship Awarded to Baltimore Artist. Inertia: Studio Visit with Amanda Burnham. This is a pretty good article, except for the typo. That is essential in creating a good resume. Problem School? Proofreading.
It is funny because I cannot reproduce your typo in this section without autocorrect changing it to distinguished. Also, comma at start of last graph is not needed. Also. What about Public Art? I m seeking for this only.. The first thing to academic done learn about how to write a resume cover letter is problem solution for high school, that the cover letter gives the job seeker a unique opportunity to introduce him or herself before actually meeting in person.Sample CV. Papers Done? I found your article on Sample Resume writing tips insightful and helpful, thanks for sharing this information on resume.
Sample Resume. While it is important to put your schooling somewhere, if you have been out of school for problem a while sometimes your experience is actually relevent. In this case, education should be located at paper, the bottom. Of course, everyone has their own opinions when it comes to resumes, and solution school what may be right for one employer may not be for the next. This is good advice thank you. But reading it had me thinking that, given all the thinking in research protocols, would be nice if the enclosed work spoke for solution essay for high school itself right? Shouldn#8217;t this be the over-riding consideration? Great post- thank you so much! All of this is thinking in research methods, such a mystery to solution essay many of us. @Radar Redux- Good luck to you in creative or nontraditional formatting. In my experience, people find it arrogant and papers irritating, and problem essay school choose not to critical methods deal with you. There is problem essay school, something to be said for being courteous, respectful and INFORMATIVE when communicating about non fiction, yourself to problem school potential patrons, funders, galleries or curators.
No one wants to work with someone who they perceive will be difficult. If you have had success with this approach, I#8217;d love to hear about it. It seems so trivial, though its not. The idea of editing the information is great. Very useful post. Thanks.
This is critical in research methods, a very helpful blog post for problem for high artists. I will pass it on to all the recent art grads I know. Let me rephrase. Solution Essay For High? We am not judging anyone who chooses to conform to any process so as to get grants/jobs, whatever they participate in so as to make a living, get shown, etc. The advice here is solution essay school, all excellent regarding this. That said, we had asked should an artist feel compelled to fill out resumes or artist statements in traditional ways in thinking in research methods the first place, if they feel the process does not represent them in the way they wish to be represented. For example some artists we know question why this almost corporate formulaic format exists at all. They believe it to be archaic.
They ask who does it really serve anyone and solution essay how? This questioning at least deserves consideration/ examination. And if one has a real deep desire to deconstruct and recontextualize the #8220;resume/artist statement process/construct#8221; why wait for the project part of, say, a grant. Why not jump in from the start in this way it is a real #8220;action#8221;instead of a simulation. The results may be illuminating. how does an artist apply for grant $$ without a resume if it is part of the non fiction requirement? i would save the #8216;challenging the formula#8217; for my grant proposal. i think online exhibits are fine to problem essay for high list as group shows. as you do more exhibits, you will want to edit and choose the most competitive ones for your resume. if you see the online ones as being #8216;less#8217; desirable, then leave them out down the road. Great advice and thanks. Solution? One question: Do you think online shows or competitions count as something for your resume?
Even if its decent? This comment has been removed by the author. You can order it direct from us or pick it up next week at solution essay for high, area retailers like the BMA Museum Shop, Ivy Bookstore, Trohv, and Atomic Books. Designed by Wickerham Lomax, our cover artists for Issue 04! The BmoreArt calendar features arts and events and academic papers is updated daily. Tag your art and Balti-centric photos #bmoreart!
We want to see your art, your exhibits, and your Baltimore. The Internet is Exploding: 10 Must-Read Articles this Week. ABOUT ME | Call for problem Book Publication. MECU NEIGHBORHOOD EVENT GRANT APPLICATIONS *DEADLINE EXTENDED* Order the BmoreArt Journal of Art + Ideas directly from us or from area retailers. Problem Solution For High? BmoreArt is Best Cultural Resource in school Baltimore!
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Myth Essay Essays and Research Papers. foundation of almost every culture in the world has a creation myth explaining how the wonders of the earth came to be. These . myths have a powerful influence over the people’s culture, and the way they think about their surroundings. Solution School. Creation myths usually begin with the academic, theme of for high school, birth; birth represents new life and essay example a new beginning. Creation myths develop over problem solution essay for high school, the centuries through oral tradition, and de marketing are the most common form of myths found throughout human culture (Murtagh). The Maori are the aboriginal. Creation myths , Haumia-tiketike , Maori mythology 1085 Words | 3 Pages. Myth still remains one of the major links that merges the different cultures and religions from various ethnicities. Solution For High School. “The Creation of the . Titans and the Gods”, as well as “The Creation, Death, and paper Rebirth of the Universe”, are among the essay for high school, many creation myths that highlight these combinations. Throughout history, myths have created various similarities and differences between the cultures and religions of the world.
Man – the labor in nepal, common principle in myths , illustrates that man was produced exclusively. Comparative mythology , Creation myth , Creation myths 1028 Words | 3 Pages. What is a myth ? It is a traditional story based on problem for high school, ancient beliefs of different communities and having supernatural explanations of essay review example, facts or . natural phenomena. The mythical story is related to religious beliefs, for solution essay for high, that reason, has a ritual character, ie presents invariable elements and is distinguished by its durability. The purpose of myth is not to entertain, as with the story, but to explain the meaning of life. Thesis On Child. So there are certain subjects such as the origin of man and problem essay for high the universe, which. Claude Levi-Strauss , Creation myth , Earth 1621 Words | 5 Pages. ? “A Myth ” Mythology/HUM/105 August 19, 2014 Stacy Pfister-Jolley For me a myth is an abstract word that . can be real or not. When using it in textbook then it should be understood figuratively. It’s as stated on academic papers done, www.thefreedictionary.com, myth is defined as a fictitious but well known story.
The word myth is problem essay for high school, used in thinking, the studious context by acknowledging what is fake or real. The word myth is used popularly through fantasies told throughout today’s culture. Either were reading. Creation myth , Joseph Campbell , Judaism 786 Words | 3 Pages. The Dirty Deeds of Motherhood No woman is required to build the world by destroying herself. Rabbi Sofer The famous reporter and feminist Betty Rollin . wrote an Essay for Look magazine called “Motherhood Who Needs It?” it reflects on how motherhood is just a myth , and women don’t need to have children it’s a choice. Problem Essay. Throughout the essay Rollin explains how a woman needing to have babies is something that is example, a psychological choice not biological. Problem Essay For High School. The author gives data from university studies explaining. Childbirth , Essay , Mean 849 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an academic papers done ideal topic for debate; there have been mixed results for solution school, companies and individuals who have . pursued social responsibility. In Research Methods. There is also the problem solution for high school, question of whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of example, essay is based on philosophical theories on the necessity of social responsibility backed up with facts about previous social responsibility efforts.
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It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and paper literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on Monday 14th of January 2013 You are required to problem solution for high school write an . essay supported with reference to the academic literature that answers the academic, following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation. You are keenly aware that as part of your management role you will be responsible for managing change and anticipate drawing on your BM 6105 studies to solution essay for high school help you achieve success. Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages. Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is . an ESSAY . The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the on child labor in nepal, way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and essay for high Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available.
Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages. akml 2rayet el essay ele ana ft7to m4 aktr . Thesis Labor. we hwa 3mal ybw5 , a3ml eh tyb . aktb ad eh ya bay5 enta . wah . Problem Solution Essay For High. deh m4 tre2a . t3amlo beha el dyof bto3ko 5als . ento btkrhona fe el mge 3ndko . we kda ht5sro kter www.studymode.com › Home › Health › Medicine Read this college essay and over 1800000 others like it now. Non Fiction Essays. . Success is for high school, not a gift, it should be hard to achieve and it matters how it is accomplished. Free success Essays and papers done Papers -. Essay , Essays , Failure 510 Words | 4 Pages. their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not. Solution Essay. By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to give up his humanity, while on the other . De Marketing. hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to protect his family. Solution Essay For High. Testing with success series The Essay Exam Organization and neatness have merit Before writing out the exam: Write down their key words, listings, etc, as they are fresh in review, your mind.
Otherwise these ideas may be blocked (or be unavailable) when the time comes to write. African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages. such strategies as scanning, skimming, main ideas, contextual clues and inferences. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will . Problem Solution Essay School. be able to: 1. write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in on child in nepal, writing 3. answer questions based on academic texts 4. give oral presentations Textbook: 1. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Q: Skills for for high, Success 4 : Reading and Writing Oxford University. Cambridge , Essay , Latin 401 Words | 3 Pages. Centre for Language Study Pre-Sessional Course A 2013 WRITING TASK 4: Assessed Essay WRITING TASK 4 is your assessed essay . and you will need to write an essay of 1200-1400 words.
This is the same length as the essay in WRITING TASK 3. Paper. WRITING TASK 4 will form 80% of your mark for writing on the Pre-Sessional course. Please select a title from the list here: 1. Discuss the impact a particular theory has had on your area of study in problem solution, terms of application, use and limitations. 2. Paper De Marketing. Explain the essay for high school, problems. Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: . Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the academic, word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Solution Essay For High. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and paper transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Shonagon.
Sei. Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages. trying to know everyone in the class. After that here comes the big turn, homework and writing essays . I have never written an . essay in my life while I was living in India. For High School. It was really hard for me to non fiction essays write down our thought on the given assignment. My English is not good and grammar is worse.
I was really afraid of writing, I didn’t want to tell anyone. Essay For High. I missed my first essay due date and even second essay due date. After some days Mrs. Danielo called me in paper de marketing, her office during office hours. Problem Essay For High School. She told. Academic term , College , Essay 1524 Words | 4 Pages. symbols which can be understood and paper de marketing manipulated by someone who is culturally literate. Second, being literate can mean having knowledge or competence.
For . example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate. For your first essay , try to focus on for high, a moment or a period in your life when you realized the significance of being literate in this fashion. Did you have trouble using a computer to register for critical in research methods, classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its. Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages. Formula Essay - Thoughts of Winter. 12th June 2013 Winter! The name itself gives shivers to our body amp; thoughts of cold days and icy roads.
In the essay . ‘Thoughts of winter’ by Victoria Santiago, she says that winter is the season that receives most attention from us through our scientific explanations, our mythological ideas and our personal determination. Clearly, from the essay we can find out all related ideas, its nice organization and good development, and also personal touch with good narration. Scientific. Essay , Idea , Psychology 730 Words | 3 Pages. stories, news articles, and solution for high school especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. De Marketing. Just as . the solution essay for high school, news tries to stimulate our fears by announcing a “danger in our water supply,” a writer must try to bring the reader from his or her world into the world of the problem for high, essay . Essay For High School. This is done with a few choice words at essays the beginning of the essay : the infamous hook. It is not easy to think of how to make someone want to read an essay about a novel. Solution Essay. It’s not even easy to. Essay , Good and review example evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the problem solution for high, definition is vague, overlapping with . those of an de marketing article, a pamphlet and a short story. Solution Essay For High. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of academic papers done, daily life, recollections, and reflections of the solution for high, author.
Almost all modern essays are written in essay, prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages. The Trickster in Myth Trickster myths , a significant part of most cultures if not all, have permeated the legends and essay folklore . of peoples since the labor in nepal, early days of civilized man. The ancient Greeks had Hermes, the problem solution for high school, Chinese the Monkey King, and the Native American Indians the coyote. These diverse tricksters found within cultures often have many commonalities with each other, and then, often they do not. Thinking In Research. But this illustrates the very nature of the trickster; ever changing, shifting, shaping, disguising.
Chinese mythology , Creation myth , Kokopelli 2145 Words | 6 Pages. Creation Myths | Myth 1: the beginnings |Religion or culture of origin: Egyptian . Solution Essay For High. | | Myth 2: |Religion or culture of de marketing, origin: Boshongo (Bantu) | |Bumba’s creation | | • Who created the world? o Myth 1:the High God o Myth 2:Bumba • Who were. Christian terms , Christianity , Creator deity 820 Words | 6 Pages. ?Courtney Mehmen Lit 180 Creation Myth Essay LaGrone 6-19-14 The Beginnings The beginning of each myth starts off . Solution Essay School. with the birth. The birth of life, darkness, waters and wind. This birth comes from thesis on child labor in nepal, a mind-blowing, absolute hole of nothing but yet it was somehow created. All myths have this birth of problem solution school, creation from nothing but different cultures decided on different creator(s) that determined their fates.
In retrospect, many of the cultures are similar to, even if they lived half way around the world. Creation myth , Earth , God 750 Words | 4 Pages. ?THINGS TO BE GIVEN IMPORTANCE IN A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY IDENTIFICATION OF THE THINGS TO BE DESCRIBED Descriptive essay focuses on . a person, place, memory, experience or an object. First, the exact thing that is to academic papers done be described must be identified. REASON FOR WRITING A DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY There will be particular reason for writing this kind of essay . That reason will help the writer focus his description and imbue his language with a particular perspective or emotion. Solution. FOCUS ON THE FIVE SENSES Focusing. Essay , Essays , Five senses 1217 Words | 3 Pages. What Is the Difference Between Myth and Theory? the difference between myths and theories? Well that’s an easy question to answer isn’t it; myths involve fiction while theories . involve facts, we should not make any parallels between science and superstition.
There, we’ve answered the question, or have we? Although many people will agree that myth and critical in research methods theory are two totally different things, I would debate that the line between the solution essay for high school, two is papers, much thinner than one would think. In fact in problem essay for high, some cases the line is review example, inexistent and myths make up theory, just. Creation myth , Earth , Evidence 1326 Words | 3 Pages. at Cram.com Upgrade | Hi Iamsiddha. Get Access to StudyMode.com - Complete Your Registration Now. StudyMode - Premium and essay Free Essays , . Term Papers Book Notes Essays Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Essay On Eye Donation Wikipedia Essays and Term Papers Search Advanced Search Documents 1 - 20 of 47 Laser Eye Surgery Research essay Laser eye surgery Laser eye surgery The eye is the organ of sight. Problem For High. It is used in almost everything we do, from playing sport to reading. Critical theory , Essay , Essays 1151 Words | 6 Pages.
? The Beauty Myth The Beauty Myth by Naomi Wolf is a manifesto about the feminist movement. the beauty myth as a . powerful belief system where a woman’s worth is problem, measured by her beauty, to achieve this kind of solution essay for high, beauty women are opted to spend countless amount of money and effort. Solution Essay For High School. But in the end no one can outlast the ravages of time and review we all have to problem solution age eventually no matter how hard we try to stay young. Wolf emphasizes throughout the whole book that if a woman wants to essay get hired, have a promotion. Cosmetics , Naomi Wolf , The Beauty Myth 1149 Words | 5 Pages. Paper#1: “How do people create creation myths ?” Creation myths of every civilization rooted from problem, one thing: Ancient people . tried to make sense of their existence in this cosmos. In that case, however, we could not be so sure who made the solution essay school, first creation myth but in trying to analyze their creation stories, it could not be denied that patterns can be derived from problem for high, them. Paper De Marketing. There are some basic concepts in the creation myths that seem similar. Each of the problem solution essay, creation myths borrowed an idea in paper de marketing, one way or another.
Chinese mythology , Cosmos , Creation myth 849 Words | 3 Pages. 10/3/12 World Civilization The Creation of the Creation Mythos Myths are a vital key to understanding not only a culture’s history, and also . its future. For High School. A society’s ethics and mores are portrayed through a myth’s oral and written tradition that is passed down from academic papers, generation to problem solution for high generation and thesis labor is most often used as a teaching tool. Since creation myths are such a good set of tools every culture has some form of them. Problem Essay For High. Creation myths are an important aspect of teaching a culture’s children about how. Creation myth , Earth , Judaism 1385 Words | 4 Pages.
The Beauty Myth Modern times have revealed a more tolerant attitude expressed by society towards those who in the past have been seen as . lower class. This included people of paper de marketing, other races, of mental disability, those in poverty, diseased, the elderly, children, and women. However, underneath this false sense of tolerance and the “standard belief” that women and men are created equal is the beauty myth . The Beauty Myth is everywhere in media and the social order. Women’s rights and equality is problem essay for high, controlled. Female , Gender , Naomi Wolf 1399 Words | 4 Pages. Creation Myths : Norse amp; Egyptian Hokulani Kitayama HUM105 August 14, 2012 Creation Myths : Norse amp; Egyptian . Creation myths are present in non fiction, all cultures of the world, and while these stories reflect very different beliefs of creation, they also possess many similarities as well. Each culture from around the world has developed beliefs and school cosmogony that help them to academic papers done understand the most ancient and primordial of questions: where did we come from? Ancient civilizations bore stories of.
Creation myth , Earth , Jotunn 1183 Words | 3 Pages. |Earned Points | |Content (40) |40 . | | | |* The essay addresses all areas of the essay assignment thoroughly. | | | |* Content includes excellent details. | . Clear , Clearing , Description 362 Words | 3 Pages. MYTHICAL EXPLANATIONS – the creation myth Creation myths evolve in nearly as many ways as there are cultures. For High. Sometimes they . are used to solidify political power, as when Egypt moved back and forth from the on child labor in nepal, gods Aten and Amen. More frequently they are used to explain the unknown. Some cultures used the school, familiar (animals, clay, mud, etc) to explain their existence, while others used the sun and essay for high school moon, which were IN their lives, but not OF them.
The Inuit creation myth turns the emergence tradition upside. Creation myth , Creation myths , Earth 801 Words | 3 Pages. Buscemi Essay #3 Rough Draft An essay is a creative written piece in which the author uses different styles such as . diction, tone, pathos, ethos or logos to problem school communicate a message to the reader using either a personal experience, filled with morals and parables, or a informative text filled with educational terms. Educational terms could mean the usage of complicated and elevated words or simply information you would get in schools. Thinking. Some authors, such as Cynthia Ozick, claim that an problem essay for high essay has no. Essay , Essays , Rhetoric 1439 Words | 4 Pages. ?Practice Essay This writing exercise will help your instructor discover who you are as a writer. The essay will be used to non fiction . help you identify your strengths and weaknesses as a writer, and it wil allow the instructor the solution essay for high school, opportunity to essays identify grammatical, stylistic, and problem essay mechanical problems specific to each student.
Do not fret over the idea that grammar, style, and mechanics will be evaluated in this assignment. This writing exercise is merely one way to review example take a look at problem solution for high any particular patterns. Academia , Composition studies , Essay 1153 Words | 4 Pages. There will be two long (30-minute) essays on non fiction, the College Board AP Art History Exam. In each case, you will have to compare two works of art of . your own choosing. One essay will require that you include an artwork from solution essay for high, outside the European tradition in essay, your selection. Choosing Works to solution for high Compare. It is important to select appropriate works that will allow for thoughtful comparison and on child contrast. You might want to take note of works that relate to some of the for high, themes discussed earlier so that you have.
Art , Art critic , Essay 1976 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative Essay Vs. Descriptive Essay. ? Narrative Essays Are a Great Read Name ENG121 Professor June 16, 2014 Narrative Essays Are a . Great Read Narrative essays and Descriptive essays can be similar but they are different in nature. The narrative essay “I Want a Wife” is more compelling than the critical thinking in research, descriptive essay “Homeless” because the problem essay for high school, narrative essay has a point of view, uses humor and satire, and on child labor uses tone and school language that can draw the academic, reader in. “Narration is storytelling from the problem essay for high school, perspective of.
Essay , Essays , Homelessness 1604 Words | 7 Pages. Descriptive Writing Afro Asian Essay Example Essay 81 - 100 . Critical Thinking In Research. www.studymode.com/. /descriptive-writing-afro-asian- essay -example-pa. ? * 20+ items - Free Essay about Descriptive Writing Afro Asian Essay Example . Problem Solution For High. question you essay may require -starting point transistor and ending condition . Academic Papers. time, and a cup of coffee you should have no problem. There are many . 2. Afro-Asian Literature - Essay - Warriorjamboy1 - StudyMode.com www.studymode.com › Essays › Military ? * . Afro-Asian , Essay , Expository writing 1436 Words | 6 Pages. result of introspection into past experiences or memorable events in our lives. Problem School. We introspect into these memorable events and reflect over them with . regards the emotions and influences they have left in critical, our lives. In simple words a reflective essay is a piece of ‘you’ being presented in words. What is problem solution essay, Reflection?
In a reflective composition you really need to think about yourself and how a particular personal experience changed you. It is not merely a recollection of your experience but. Emotion , Essay , Essays 1498 Words | 5 Pages. Edith Cowan University Academic essay Academic Tip Sheet This academic tip sheet: What is an academic essay ? • explains the critical thinking in research, . academic essay as an academic style of writing; • looks at the structure of an problem solution for high academic essay ; • looks at example the main types of solution essay school, academic essays ; • explains how to write an academic essay ; and • provides you with a quick checklist that covers most aspects of non fiction essays, writing an academic essay . For our purposes, we can define an academic essay as a document that has a defined structure. Essay , Writing 1070 Words | 2 Pages. understand most styles of writing and I enthusiastically grasp the text with an problem school eagerness to understand and relate to it.
I enjoyed gathering research for . essays and try to explain them to critical thinking in research methods my audience. Curiosity leads me to find out more about the authors, the time periods in which they wrote, and the social conditions from which they endured. These essays demonstrate my strengths by showing that I am not satisfied with taking work for essay for high school, what it is worth after I read it a first time. I know that not everything. Essay , Essays , Short story 914 Words | 3 Pages. Jun. 17, 2013 ESSAY WRITING ESSAY . – A short literary composition of an analytical, interpretive, or reflective kind, dealing with its subject in a non-technical, limited, often unsystematic way and, usually expressive of the author’s outlook and thesis on child in nepal personality. - An attempt. TYPES OF ESSAYS – Personal – Describes how you feel about someone or something.
YOU are at the center . . Article , Essay , Essays 622 Words | 3 Pages. Exemplification Essay Exemplification means to provide examples about something. Writing an exemplification essay typically . involves offering many examples to problem solution essay support a generalization about critical in research methods, something. Problem Solution Essay For High. In this type of essay , examples act as supporting material to critical thinking in research methods explain or clarify the generalization. Essay. An exemplification essay (or illustrative essay ) uses examples to show, explain, or prove a point or argument (the essay thesis). De Marketing. The key to a good exemplification essay is to use enough detailed.
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Essay , Faith , Love 864 Words | 3 Pages. Sample SAT Essays —Up Close Below is our sample essay question, which is designed to be as close as possible to an . Thesis. essay question that might appear on the SAT. You’ll recognize that it’s based on the great philosopher Moses Pelingus’s assertion, “There’s no success like failure,” which we have referred to throughout this chapter. This particular essay topic presents you with a very broad idea and then asks you to explain your view and back it up with concrete examples. Problem Essay For High. Not every SAT essay topic will. Dot-com bubble , Essay , Essays 2405 Words | 7 Pages. Essay Writing By: Agha Zohaib Khan Introduction to Essay Writing ? What is Essay ? The Word . Essay means to Attempt. ? Definition Essay is an attempt to compose the relevant ideas in correct, concise, comprehensive and concrete way. ? ? Essay is just a literary composition of critical in research methods, any given Topic Essay cannot be attractive unless you do not give lightness, grace and ease. 2 Agha Zohaib Khan . www.css.theazkp.com Selecting The Topic for Essay ? There will be two types of.
2005 albums , Essay , Foreign policy 974 Words | 7 Pages. GRADE 12 UNIVERSITY ENGLISH Unit 2: Comparative Essay Writing Summative Task Task: Select a particular idea or theme and/or an aspect of . form and style and analyse the solution for high, way it or they is/are depicted in Archibald Lampman’s poem, “In November” and essay review one other poem. You may use: William Wordsworth’s “The World is too much With Us”, Robert Frost’s “Dust of Snow” E.J Pratt’s A November Landscape Mary Soutar-Hynes – “For Writers Whose Work I Have Loved” In completing. Doctor of Philosophy , Essay , Logic 1073 Words | 7 Pages. ? The purpose of a literary analysis essay is to carefully examine and sometimes evaluate a work of literature or an problem solution for high school aspect of a work of . literature. As with any analysis, this requires you to break the example, subject down into problem its component parts. Examining the different elements of a piece of literature is critical thinking, not an end in itself but rather a process to help you better appreciate and understand the work of literature as a whole. For instance, an analysis of a poem might deal with the different types of.
Essay , Greek loanwords , Literature 1348 Words | 4 Pages. ?A Quick Note Before You Begin Argumentative essays are also commonly known as persuasive essays . However, there are some . differences between the problem solution school, two even if they’re commonly considered to be the same. Persuasive essays are short, around five to six paragraphs. They usually focus on solution school, your side with occasionally one paragraph devoted to the opposing side. Solution For High. Persuasive essays focus more on the emotions of the reader. Argumentative essays are usually longer in length, ranging from as little as five paragraphs. Conclusion , Debut albums , Essay 863 Words | 4 Pages. 081 Compare and example Contrast Essay 3 What is problem solution for high school, comparison? What is contrast? To compare means to point out similarities and to contrast means to . Paper. point our differences. When you compare or contrast, you need to come to some conclusion.
It’s not enough to say “These two things are similar” or “They are different.” Your reader will be asking “So what? What’s your point?” Hints for writing a compare/contrast essay : 1. Limit your topic. When you write a comparison or contrast essay , you might think that the. Difference , Essay , Sentence 609 Words | 3 Pages. personal narrative essay . This assignment was one of great ease to me. I sat down and problem solution essay immediately came up with an non fiction idea centered on solution for high, a memory . or experience. Once I pinpointed that experience, I began the brainstorming process, followed by a rough draft, and then a solid final draft. The only struggle happened when I began trying to expand the short narrative into a full length essay , as required.
After a considerable amount of time attempting to essays tweak and problem solution school expand on the first essay , I finally understood. Essay , Essays , Paper 1398 Words | 4 Pages. 4 Steps to an Effective Scholarship Essay Typically speaking, the scholarship essays which students turn in are, well, to put it . mildly, not that good. I'm going to generalize, but you should know this. They're typically boring, underdeveloped without sufficient details, and very unpersuasive.
Remember, the papers done, scholarship essay is a piece of problem for high school, persuasion. The people reviewing your essay will be going through a bunch of applications, and you need to distinguish yourself. You need to labor in nepal make the reader care. English-language films , Essay , Essays 1357 Words | 4 Pages. ?Writing Essays Always begin with an essay plan. Problem Solution For High. You will find that this really helps to organise your thoughts. This should . include your initial reaction to the essay title, your basic ideas and thoughts and thinking in research some quotations you want to use. School. You may find that you do not stick completely to your plan and this is okay, as the essays, more you think about an essay your ideas will evolve and change. For High. You should, however, have formed your ideas and opinions before you start writing.
In planning your essay. Critical thinking , Essay , Essays 1062 Words | 3 Pages. paragraphs and also has a certain intriguing appeal - it arouses the reader's curiosity and on child impels him to read further. Solution Essay For High School. The first sentence, however, could . easily have been dropped - the second sentence would make a more compelling introduction to the essay . Paragraph 2 Here the writer develops on the thread of diversity. Note that there is an emphasis on aspects that are important to thesis on child an MBA course (strong analytical skills, math skills, work experience). The writer shows effectively that she.
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Online courses + time on campus = a new path to an MIT master’s degree. Pilot program reimagines admissions process, introduces “MicroMaster’s.” Steve Bradt | MIT News Office. MIT News Office. 1 images for download.
Media can only be downloaded from the desktop version of problem essay for high school, this website. MIT announced today a pilot program allowing learners worldwide to take a semester’s worth of courses in its top-ranked, one-year Supply Chain Management (SCM) master’s program completely online, then complete an MIT master’s degree by spending a single semester on campus. MIT also announced a new academic credential for the digital age: the “MicroMaster’s,” which can be earned through MITx by students who pass a comprehensive examination upon academic, the successful completion of the essay school, same semester’s worth of online SCM courses. Classes begin on Feb. 10, 2016.
The announcement was made today by academic papers done, MIT President L. Rafael Reif in an email to the MIT community. Problem For High? The pilot will be led by Professor Sanjay Sarma, MIT’s dean of digital learning, and by Professor Yossi Sheffi and Dr. Chris Caplice, who run the SCM program and paper, its online offerings. “The new combination of online courses and one residential semester will open the SCM program to many more learners,” says Sheffi, who is the problem solution essay for high school, Elisha Gray II Professor of Engineering. “The 50-some corporate members of the problem essay school, MIT Center for solution essay for high Transportation and Logistics, who are deeply involved with SCM students, enthusiastically embraced this effort, owing to the worldwide talent shortage in this field.” “I am delighted by the potential today's announcement presents to critical thinking, reach so many who share our passion for learning and bring them closer — whether digitally, physically, or both — to MIT,” Reif wrote. The pilot will feature a new way of structuring admissions to a professional master’s program at problem solution for high MIT. Learners worldwide with access to edX can take any of the essay for high, first semester’s worth of courses online. Problem? Those who do well in each course, and then score well on a subsequent comprehensive proctored examination, can earn an MITx MicroMaster’s, and de marketing, their performance will significantly enhance their chances of being accepted to problem solution, the full master’s program, which they can then complete in essay example, a single semester on solution for high school, campus. “Inverted admission has the potential to disrupt traditional modes of access to higher education,” says Sarma, who is the Fred Fort Flowers and Daniel Fort Flowers Professor in Mechanical Engineering at MIT. “We’re democratizing access to a master’s program for learners worldwide.” The MicroMaster’s will have no admissions requirements, and will be open to anyone.
The coursework will be available for free. Learners can qualify for the MicroMaster’s by paying a modest fee for verified certificates and by problem solution for high school, passing a proctored exam. For students who apply to the full master’s program and are admitted to solution essay, spend a semester on campus, the MicroMaster’s will count toward a semester’s worth of MIT credit. MIT will seek to partner with companies and other organizations to thesis labor in nepal, offer financial support to students in need who are admitted to solution, the SCM master’s program via the MicroMaster’s path. “Decades ago,” Sarma says, “MIT reached students worldwide through faculty-authored textbooks. More recently, the paper de marketing, availability of MIT course materials and essay, lectures through OpenCourseWare and interactive courses from MITx broadened access to the Institute. Inverted admissions is the review, natural next step in MIT’s engagement with learners worldwide.” Building on a strong program. MIT’s master’s program in Supply Chain Management is already global in its outlook: Its 36 to for high, 40 students each year generally come to critical, Cambridge from more than a dozen nations on five continents. In reputational rankings, SCM is generally regarded as the No. 1 offering in supply-chain management and logistics in the U.S.
MIT’s Center for Transportation and solution essay for high, Logistics, which Sheffi also leads, has already developed and launched international programs in Colombia, Spain, and Malaysia, each offering local master’s degrees but working in concert with SCM. The traditional SCM program — which MIT will continue to offer — is a 10-month master’s degree program designed for review example early-career professionals who want to return to school for advanced training in supply-chain management. It draws applicants with careers in finance, information technology, management, marketing, and sales, among other fields. Students in the program generally have three to eight years of professional experience, with an average age of solution for high school, 30. Latest step in the evolution of learning. The pilot program with inverted admissions is the latest step in MIT’s expansion of labor in nepal, online learning. In December 2011, MIT announced the launch of MITx, which offers a portfolio of MIT courses through an online, interactive learning platform. In 2012, MIT partnered with Harvard University to launch edX, which offers online learning from solution essay for high school, many universities.
“The new MicroMaster’s is an important modular credential for the digital age, and promises to serve as academic currency in a continuous, lifelong-learning world,” says Anant Agarwal, CEO of paper de marketing, edX and a professor of problem solution essay for high school, electrical engineering and computer science at MIT. “It also affords an evolutionary path for universities in paper de marketing, the face of solution essay, mounting costs, and a way to leverage technology to blend online and on-campus learning pathways.” The pilot program also builds upon the 16 recommendations made last year by the Institute-Wide Task Force on the Future of thinking methods, MIT Education, which Reif convened in solution essay school, 2013 to envision the MIT of 2020 and beyond. When Reif released that panel’s final report, on Aug. 4, 2014, he wrote to the MIT community that the paper, occasion “marks the beginning of an exciting new period of educational experimentation at MIT.” The report, he added, presented a framework for the Institute to reinvent education for learners at problem solution for high school MIT and beyond. “The rising cost of education, combined with the transformative potential of online teaching and learning technologies, presents a long-term challenge that no university can afford to ignore,” Reif wrote. “At MIT, we are choosing to meet this challenge directly by assessing the educational model that has served the Institute so well for review so long. We are experimenting boldly with ideas to enhance the essay school, education we offer our own students and to lower the barriers to access for learners around the world.” Please add more courses from engineering and sciences discipline to such similar arrangement. I will be looking forward to such programs to join. Critical In Research? I am from a Science/Engineering background and not interested in problem essay for high, Supply chain. Talha Ensar Bas.
May I take information or links about fee and payments. How does the review example, subsequent comprehensive proctored examination work ? HOW CAN I APPLY A THIS NEW PROGRAM? No admissions requirements and free? Why pay $55,000 tuition? I don't think this should be called a Micro Masters. It devalues all real MIT master of science degrees. Solution? Alumni should be ticked off. I think you should get a Certificate of Completion. It no way approximates being on essay review, the MIT campus from the start. There is an intensive 9 month program called M.Eng. at essay for high MIT, for recent.
engineering graduates who are going to go into professional practice. This requires intensive effort in 4 classes per semester, seminar, projects and an M.Eng. Critical Methods? thesis under the supervision of a faculty or research staff. member. You can take any graduate course if it fits in your electives. That's what MIT is about. Serendipidity and being on campus. This degree is not even the quality of the M.Eng. And the M.Eng. Problem Solution Essay School? isn't called a Master of Science.
Create another school called OpenMIT. Then print out certificates. Like the Open University in the UK. This is outrageous. Can you be more explicit and non fiction essays, tell the curriculum for this path ? What are the for high, other courses to be taught on edX ? How different or how closed are they compared to those on http://scm.mit.edu/program/cor. ? Let's say, I succeed well in all courses on done, edX and in problem solution for high school, the proctored exam, am I qualified to spend a semester in Cambridge or what are the academic, other requirements I need to have ? I think you should be more transparent and explain all possible scenarios as it can be a huge investments for people like me all along the journey. October 10, 2015. Hi, please send information for fees. October 10, 2015. Isn't this like the University of Phoenix? October 11, 2015. I would love you enable this possibility for solution some IT masters and not only for review example the SCM master.
Carlos E. Ruiz Garcia. October 11, 2015. When can I apply? October 12, 2015. How can I apply or where can I get the problem, subsiption to this program? October 12, 2015. Is there any other course provided other than supply chain management? October 14, 2015.
Some universities (in Canada and in France for instance and even Harvard) have a department of continuing education that grants degrees and solution essay for high school, students who got these Diplomas or Certificates become alumni of the University. Will graduate from the micro-master program be accredited as MIT alumni? Sindy Xingyan Wang. October 14, 2015. Does the current SC2X offered on edX count or I will have to wait until February next year when they starts roll out new micro-master series? October 15, 2015. I know many would like to see a similar micromaster for Computer Science, Computer Engineering, Data Science, etc. along with pre-reqs for those with non-CS backgrounds, but with significant industry experience in building technology products. Make it happen MIT, please! October 21, 2015. Awesome! what a great way to teach the world make a new filter, kinda like Pre-TSA screening.
Looking forward to recibe more information, I already suscribed. Regards from Chile! Writing for CNBC, Ali Montag highlights MIT’s MicroMasters programs and how they offer students around the world a new path to a graduate degree. Solution Essay School? Montag notes that passing students from the MicroMasters in data, economics and development policy, “are eligible to apply for a master's program on campus at thinking methods MIT.” WGBH reporter Kirk Carapezza explores MIT’s MicroMasters program in Supply Chain Management, which allows students to complete a master’s degree through online and on-campus courses. Student Danaka Porter explains that the problem solution essay for high, program provides an opportunity to “get education from a fantastic university, as well as be able to continue to keep working.”
In an article for essay school The Chronicle of Higher Education , Corinne Ruff highlights MIT’s new “MicroMaster’s” credential. Essay School? Prof. Anant Agarwal, CEO of edX, noted that the pilot program offers a new path for admissions into MIT’s Supply Chain Management program. Fortune reporter Claire Zillman writes that MIT is starting an thesis on child labor, “‘inverted admissions’ program in essay for high school, which students who excel in a series of free online courses—and a subsequent examination—will have better chances of being accepted into the school’s full master’s program.” “That makes MIT’s approach seem pretty noble: finally, a more affordable way to get the same high-caliber degree, no matter your academic record, so long as you can prove your mettle,’” writes Christian Science Monitor reporter Molly Jackson of MIT’s new path to a master’s degree. AP reporter Collin Binkley writes about essay MIT’s “MicroMaster’s” credential and the new path to problem solution for high, an MIT master’s degree in Supply Chain Management. Non Fiction Essays? Anyone who wants to be here now has a shot to be here, explains MIT President L. Rafael Reif. Wall Street Journal reporter Loretta Chao writes that MIT will begin offering a “MicroMaster’s” credential and a new admissions path into MIT’s Supply Chain Management master’s program. Chao writes that the announcement, “comes as many companies say they are having greater difficulty finding people with the right skills to essay for high school, manage increasingly complex global and technology-driven supply chains.”
WBUR’s Fred Thys reports that MIT will introduce a new credential for online learning, as well as a new pathway for the pursuit of an MIT professional master’s degree in Supply Chain Management. “Imagine a graduate program that includes talented students who might never have been admitted to MIT in the old system, but who have now a new pathway to success today,” says President L. Thesis Labor? Rafael Reif. President Reif speaks with Washington Post reporter Nick Anderson about MIT’s new “MicroMaster” credential. “Students are going to work hard to get one semester of graduate level courses online,” explains President Reif, “and they have to get something to reward them for that hard work.” A new MIT pilot program offers opportunities for students to earn a “MicroMaster’s” credential and enter a professional master’s degree program at MIT, according to Reuters. The program “will allow candidates to take a semester of courses at its master's degree program in supply chain management for free online and then have an opportunity to apply to its full program in supply chain management.” In an interview with Jeffrey Young of The Chronicle of Higher Education , President L. Rafael Reif speaks about the solution for high school, opportunities provided by the new pathway for in research methods the pursuit of an MIT professional master's degree. We will find people who never thought they would be able to apply, says President L. Rafael Reif. Inside Higher Ed reporter Carl Straumshein writes that MIT is problem solution school launching a pilot program that will provide an alternative path for solution for high school students to pursue a master’s degree fro the problem for high school, Supply Chain Management program.
A new MIT pilot program offers learners an problem essay, opportunity to earn a new kind of credential for essay for high online learning, as well as a new path to an MIT master’s degree in Supply Chain Management, reports Laura Krantz for The Boston Globe . “The most important thing is to essays, democratize access to MIT,” says President L. Rafael Reif. Eric Convey writes for problem school the Boston Business Journal about MIT’s new pilot for the Supply Chain Management master’s program. This approach basically inverts the traditional admissions process, said MIT President L. Rafael Reif. Drew Bent writes for The Tech about MIT’s new pilot program, through which students will be selected to enter the Supply Chain Management master’s program based on their performance in online courses. “The hybrid model allows for essays both types of learning to take place while also letting more students receive an MIT education,” writes Bent. This Website is maintained by solution for high school, the MIT News Office, part of the Office of academic papers, Communications.
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Abuse: How It Effects Cognitive Development Essay. Research indicates that traumatic childhood experiences, such as abuse, increase the risk for different cognitive development disorders that effect learning, memory, and problem solution essay for high school, consciousness. Statistics show that no one age, gender, or ethnic group is excluded. Cognitive development that is affected includes depression, learning disorders, developmental disorders, attachment disorders and PTSD. Paper De Marketing? Patterns of essay school, attachment affect the quality of information processing throughout the individual’s life. With this evidence, it is imperative to have programs available that focus on prevention for parents and children. There are outside management courses, substance abuse classes, school based educational programs, required registration of offenders, and background checks. Treatment strategies for children are also important and should include establishing safety, dealing with the trauma, and positive self-assessment therapy, and example, counseling for functional impairment. Abuse increases the risk for suppressed cognitive development. Maltreatment comes in solution essay for high school, many forms: physical, sexual, psychological, neglect, and even abuse from peers. Current studies only focus on abuse from guardians.
However, peer abuse exists as and essays, does have a psychological effect on cognitive development (Ambert, 1994). School? Young children, still “embedded” in the present do not have the ability to see themselves a part of the bigger picture. The se themselves as the center of the universe and everything that happens is directly related to essay their own sensation. Development consists of learning to master those experiences and to learn to encounter the essay, present as part of academic papers, one’s personal experience over time. Piaget called this ”decentration”: moving from problem solution for high school, being one’s reflexes, movements and sensations to having them. The age at which the abuse occurs can impact the thinking in research methods, learning and development leading to mental disorders, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and attachment issues. Because of the solution for high school, results, help programs and education need to paper be in place for parents, abusers and children of abuse. For example, van Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Penninx, and Elzinga (2010) did a study on how childhood abuse affects cognitive disorders. Problem? The Implicit Association Test was used to evaluate depression and anxiety, although it has been shown to also impact learning and development and PTSD. Participants were asked questions in order to obtain self-reports in this study of academic papers, depression and anxiety. It was found that childhood abuse leads to a higher self-depression ad self-anxiety view.
From this study it is clear that abuse affects cognitive function. According to Feldman (2011), cognitive development is the way that an for high, individual grows and changes and the change in their intellectual capabilities can influence one’s behavior and learning abilities. Different cognitive development happens in thesis labor, different stages throughout an individual’s life. These stages include: Infancy and toddlerhood (age birth to three years) children learning to sit, crawl, and walk, memory functions begin, visual recognition, and language development are present. During the preschool period (age three to problem six years) growth and muscular development carry on, neural interconnects grow and develop, memory functions grows, fine and gross motor skills become more refined so preschoolers can catch, throw, run, use silverware, and tie their shoes. During middle childhood (age six to twelve years) growth of body and brain function continues still. Gross motor functions develop to include biking, swimming, and skating. Increased fine motor skills include writing, typing, zipping, and buttoning. Problem Essay? During adolescence (twelve years to twenty years), growth of body and problem solution essay for high, neurological functioning continue and sexual characteristics develop. During young adult (age twenty to forty years) there is critical a peak in physical capabilities (strength, coordination, and reaction time), brain function continues to grow, stress can be a health threat (Feldman, 2011). Depending on the age the abuse occurs can affect each individual’s cognitive development to include but not limited to disorders like depression, anxiety, learning and memory disorders, PTSD, and attachment disorders.
According to the definition given by Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley, depression is the problem solution essay school, emotional state that is characterized by extraordinary sadness. Since 1967, Aaron Beck has provided us with a model of his theory on depression. Papers Done? Beck’s diathesis-stress theory suggests that depression leads back to solution a dysfunctional formation early on, which left the individual vulnerable to depression if encountered with stressors (Butcher, Mineka, Hooley, 2010). Butcher, Mineka, and Hooly (2010) discuss that according to Beck the parent or guardian are responsible for providing the child or adolescent’s schema. These may lie dormant until activated by essay example a critical incident. It then triggers automatic negative thoughts that lead to depression. Reports of child abuse have suggested an increase in for high, negative self-worth, negative self-attitudes, and negative self-associations. They tend to get caught up in a negative mood, which leads to depression (van Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhover, Penninx, and Elzing, 2010). A learning disorder is a term that refers to a delayed development.
It may be with speech, mathematics, reading, memory, or motor skills. Poor motor function and memory are associated with the ability to learn and thesis on child labor in nepal, functioning a school setting. Contributions to exploring the problem solution essay, relationship of cognitive development and learning are growing. According to non fiction essays the studies done by solution school Giesbrecht and Merckelbach (2012) some victims of abuse tend to essay compartmentalize their trauma. While research shows that some learning disabilities are hereditary, other studies have shown the impact that abuse has on the ability to problem school learn and retain information. Learning disabilities are the products of delicate central nervous system impairments. These learning disabilities are the consequence of immaturity, deficiency, or dysregulation partial to those cognitive skills that are in papers done, normal brain functions (Legano, McHough, and Palusci, 2009). Problem Solution For High School? In addition, there is papers done a positive correlation between abuse and cognitive failures from Broadbent, Cooper, Fitzgerald, and Parkes’s Cognitive Failures Questionnaire that measures everyday lapses and errors.
There has been a major change in the way one is diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is problem essay a severe and academic papers done, chronic condition, which is no longer conceptualized as a normal response to and abnormal stressor but rather a pathological response to an extreme form of stress (Butcher, Mineka, Hooley, 2010). There may be a bidirectional and essay school, temporal relationship between Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), the hippocampus and neuropsychological functioning in the structural and functional part of the brain. These may either precede the development of PTSD or emerge after the onset of PTSD (Gould, Clarke, Heim, Harver, Majer, and Nemeroff, 2012). De Marketing? Those that have been sexually abused have long-term mental and emotional suffering that lingers.
They are likely to have feelings of anxiety, depression, anger, and low self-esteem and are more likely to suffer PTSD (Milner and William, 1995). These can impact marriages and solution, other close relationships. Research by DeBellis, Hooper, Woolley, and Shenk (2009) pediatric PTSD symptoms are associated with lower visual memory, developmental trauma, anxiety and can lead to problems with adult PTSD. A cognitive treatment for PTSD is to critical thinking vividly recount the traumatic event over and over problem solution essay school until there is a decrease in the emotional responses. One other important aspect of a child’s development is their form of attachment. This begins within the paper, home and essay school, with the guardian. According to Ainsworth, there are four classifications of infant attachment that can have an impact on the child’s future. A secure attachment is where the mother is a confident base when she is in attendance. As soon as she leaves the essay, child is obviously upset and immediately goes to her upon return.
The avoidant attachment is a style in which the child does not seek closeness to the mother and seems to avoid her upon arrival. The ambivalent attachment is an attachment in which the child shows varied reactions. They cry when she leaves but upon return they kick and hit her. Last is the disorganized-disoriented attachment. This style shows contradictory behavior. They will not look at the mother upon arrival. These seem to be the most negatively attached children (Feldman, 2011). Infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents are more likely to develop negative attachments if abused.
Separation anxiety seems to problem solution for high school be the solution essay school, biggest problem of individuals that have been abused (Barth, 2009). According to problem for high school Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley (2010), early victims of rejection and de marketing, abuse have damaging effects on a person’s worldview. They also suggest that a parent-child relationship is bidirectional. Some children are easier to solution for high school love than others based on their temperaments while the guardian’s mental stability affects the attachment relationship. Academic Papers? The type of attachment formed correlates to the type of parenting style. The different parenting styles are authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, or neglectful.
According to Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley (2010), the authoritative parent is high on warmth and moderate on control. Research shows that children of authoritative parents tend to be friendly and for high, confident. The Authoritarian parent is thesis labor in nepal low on warmth and high on control Research shows that children of the authoritarian parent can be conflicted and moody. These adolescents usually have more negative outcomes especially with social anc cognitive skills. Next, the permissive parent is high on warmth but low on discipline. Studies indicate that children of permissive parents are impulsive and aggressive. They are often. selfish and demanding. Last, the neglectful parent is low on warmth and low on essay for high control. Children of neglectful parents are moody with a low self esteem. They have conduct and peer problems.
They also reflect poor academics. Researchers have shown that providing structure and papers, guidance while allowing a sense of control and freedom gives the child a more positive attachment (Butcher, Mineka, and Hooley, 2010). Solution? Thus negative parenting styles can have an de marketing, overwhelming effect on an individual’s ability to cope with later challenges. Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga (2010) explored the negative cognitive scars of abuse. The study dated from 2004-2007, which consisted of participants in the regular general population and those of mental care institutes at different stages of essay school, psychopathology. The ethical review board of the University Medical Center in Amsterdam approved it.
Adults were between ages 18 and 65, had a past or present depressive disorder, anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and/or social disorder. There were a total of 2981 participants (age M=41.9, SD=13.0). The DSM-IV was used as the paper, diagnostic measure and essay school, past childhood abuse was measured by self-report and with the Beck Anxiety Inventory. Childhood abuse was assed by utilizing the Nemesis trauma interview which asks participants whether they and experienced emotional, physical, and/or sexual abuse prior to the age of sixteen. Answers were recorded. Computation came from subtraction of the mean rating of problem solution essay, anxiousness from the mean rating of calm on the IAT-stimuli.
A written consent was obtained after reviewing the problem essay, study to the participants. The findings in the study of Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga (2010) explain that, when compared to the no abused group, abused individuals have a stronger depression, higher anxiety, and a lower self-esteem when compared to non-abused individuals. There was not a difference in age or education. However, females showed a higher effect of negative self-associations although both genders are affected by maltreatment. The study also showed a higher significance in correlation to sexually abused participants versus physically abused participants. Cognitive emotional maltreatment is related to the negative self-associations and development that individuals face.
The study suggests that the longer that children are exposed to any form of maltreatment, the more likely they are to develop damaging cognitive schemas which lead to thesis on child cognitive disorders (Harmelen, deJong, Glashouwer, Spinhoven, Pennix, and Elzinga, 2010. According to a recent study (Child Maltreatment, 2010) over 3 million children are abused or neglected in the United States each year. 8.7 million of the nations children or 1 in 7 have been maltreated. This could be mentally, physically, or sexually. Seventy five percent of all perpetrators are between the ages twenty and thirty nine. Studies have also shown that abused children are more likely to abuse substances (Wulczyn, 2009). Essay For High? There are certain reasons that increase the likelihood of abuse.
These include family that bring in an annual income of under $15,000, presence of drug or alcohol addiction, the cycle of past abuse or cycle of violence hypothesis, stressful environments, high marital conflict, single parent families, and families that have more than four children. Incest happens in more wealthy families (Feldman, 2011). In addition, children that already have certain risk factors such as learning disabilities, behavior problems, visual or hearing impairments, or other medical problems can increase the possibility of abuse (Child Maltreatment, 2010). The consequence of review, early abuse may carry on into adolescence and even the early stages of adulthood. Problem For High? The results of this study make it clear that the United State needs to make sure that there are prevention programs, community management programs, and counseling programs all with the correct education and proper training. Wulczyn (2009) shows how prevention programs offer a chance to minimize the effects of maltreatment on the developing child, but many, if not most, jurisdictions lack the infrastructure to do so within the traditional child welfare system.
Home visiting programs aim to prevent child abuse by providing knowledge, belief in abusing parenting, empathy, sensitive, responsive parenting, and the ability to provide a safe and stimulating home environments (Wulczyn, 2009). Barth (2009) describes a triple P-Positive parenting program to on child labor in nepal help parents deal with issues. This includes five levels of intervention 1. A media campaign that informs parents about issues and gets them involved 2. Targets an problem school, individual topic at a time such as toilet training or bedtime. Problem Essay For High School? Parents would be in direct contact with a trainer. Problem Solution Essay? 3. Helps parents concerned with their child’s development and attend brief programs to learn how to manage certain behaviors.
4. This is for parents of children with more severe problems like aggression or behavior issues. They are given certain skills along with contact with a primary care physician. Essays? Last is level 5. This is for problem parents of dysfunctional families with behavior problems. They attend eleven 1-hour sessions and practitioners conduct home visits to ensure the skill being thought are being used. The biggest question of problem school, how to prevent sexual abuse remains unanswered. There are numerous signs and solution essay, prior efforts have been useful but new methods still need to be further explored and researched. Finklehor (2009) suggest that offender management and school-based programs should be necessary to thesis labor in nepal help regulate sexual abuse.
Registering sex offenders, notifying communities about their presence, background checks, controlling where they can live, and longer prison terms. Finklehor (2009) continues to say that one third of the offenders are juveniles which is why there is such a need for school based programs as well. This will help to solution essay school teach students the skills necessary to identify dangerous situations. Abused children will demonstrate different behaviors once removed temporarily from the home and placed in a therapeutic environment (Ambert, 1994). Essay? In addition to providing services, sometimes a temporary removal needs to be entertained until the family dynamics can be evaluated. Until recently, no study actually showed that participation in problem essay for high school, a prevention program resulted in essays, reduced rates of solution essay, sexual abuse for participants (Legano, McHugh, Palusci).
It is important for counselors or facilitators of programs to have an de marketing, understanding of screenings, treatment evaluations, and treatment planning (Milner and Murphy, 1995). There needs to be sufficient legal and clinical instruction and training about child abuse before any assessment is for high conductive. The American Counseling Association has put into place a Code of problem for high school, Ethics for professionals to follow. Individuals need to be careful not to obtain a false positive based on bias in their findings. Working with children of abuse requires special training in order to achieve the desired outcome. It is the problem solution for high school, counselor’s responsibility to practice in the boundaries for which they are qualified to work.
In addition, they have a responsibility to read and paper, understand their ethics code (ACA Code of Ethics, 2005). ACA Code of Ethics (2005) American Counseling Association. School? Retrieved September 22, 2012 from http://www.counseling.org/Resources/CodeOfEthics/TP/Home Ambert, A. (1994). A qualitative study of peer abuse and its effects: Theoretical and. empirical implications. Journal of thesis in nepal, Marriage and problem for high school, Family, 56 (1), 119-130. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/352708 Barth, R. (2009). Preventing child abuse and neglect with parent training: Evidence and opportunities. The future of children, 19 (2), 95-118. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27795049 Butcher, J., Mineka, S., Hooley, J. (2010).
Abnormal psychology. (14 ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc Child Maltreatment (2010). Retrieved November 2, 2012 from http://archive.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/pubs/cm10/cm10.pdf DeBellis, M., Hooper, S., Woolley, D., Shenk, C. (2009). Demographic, maltreatment, and neurobiological correlates of ptsd symptoms in children and adolescents. Academic? Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35 (5), 570-577. Retrieved from http://www.jpepsy.oxfordjournals.org Feldman, R. (2011). Development across the life span. (6 ed., pp. 178-251). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Inc Finkelhor, D. (2009). The prevention of childhood sexual abuse. The future of problem essay for high, children 19(2), 169-194.
Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27795052. Thesis On Child Labor? Giesbrecht, T., Merckelbach, H. (2009). Betrayal trauma theory of. dissociative experiences: Stroop and school, directed forgetting findings. The Americal Journal of essay example, Psychology, 122(3), 337-348. Gould, F., Clarke, J., Heim, C., Harvey, P., Majer, M., Nemeroff, C. Solution? (2012). The effects of child abuse and neglect on cognitive functioning in adulthood. Journal of psychiatric research, 46 (4), 500-506. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.01.005 Legano, L., McHugh, M., Palusci, V. (2009).
Child abuse and essay, neglect. Current problems of pediatric and adolescent health care,doi:10.1016/j.cppeds.2008.11.00 Milner, J., William, W. Problem Essay School? (1995). Assessment of child physical and sexual abuse offenders. Essay Review? Family Relations, 44 (4), 478-488. Retrieved from problem solution essay for high school, http://www.jstor.org/stable/585002 van Harmelen, A., deJong, P., Glashouwer, K., Spinhoven, P., Penninx, B., Elzing. B. (2010). Child abuse and essay, negative explicit and automatic self-associations: T. cognitive scars of emotional maltreatment. Behavior research and therapy, 48. (4), 486-494. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2010.02.003. Wulczyn, F. (2009). Epidemiological perspectives on maltreatment prevention.
The future of children, 19 (2), 39-66. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/27795047. University/College: University of problem solution essay school, California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 13 November 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Abuse: How It Effects Cognitive Development. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.
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Chapter 33. Data Organization Utilities. IN THIS CHAPTER. The LOAD Utility. The UNLOAD Utility. The REORG Utility. The data organization utilities affect the physical data sets of the problem for high DB2 objects for which they are run. Rows of done, data and their sequence are affected by these utilities. The data organization utilities are LOAD , UNLOAD , and problem for high school REORG . The LOAD utility is essays, run by indicating a table to which new rows will be applied.
UNLOAD reads rows from a table and puts them into problem essay an output data set. Papers Done? REORG is run at the table space or index level, moving data to optimal locations in the data set. The LOAD utility is used to accomplish bulk inserts to DB2 tables. It can add rows to a table, retaining the current data, or it can replace existing rows with the solution essay for high school new data. There are two distinct philosophies regarding the use of the essays LOAD utility. The first and generally recommended philosophy takes more time to implement but is easier to problem solution essay for high support. It requires the reservation of sufficient DASD to catalog the papers LOAD work data sets in case the LOAD job abends. The work data sets for the LOAD job are allocated for the DDNAME s SORTOUT , SYSUT1 , SYSERR , and SYSMAP with DISP=(MOD,DELETE,CATLG) . This enables the problem essay for high school data sets to be allocated as new for the initial running of the REORG job. If the methods job abends, it catalogs the data sets in problem solution for high, case they can be used in a restart. After the step completes successfully, the data sets are deleted.
The space for these data sets must be planned and available before the LOAD job runs. The data set for SYSDISC should be allocated specifying DISP=(NEW, CATLG, CATLG) . If there are discards, the LOAD utility returns a RC=4 , and it does not abend. An additional step can be added after the LOAD to detect discards and notify the appropriate personnel that discards were encountered . By creating your LOAD job with this philosophy, you can restart an abending LOAD job with little effort after the cause of the abend has been corrected (see Listing 33.1). You simply specify one of the RESTART options in the UTPROC parameter for DSNUTILB . The sort work data sets need to be assigned in the JCL only if sort work data sets are not dynamically allocated. Additionally, you should consider explicitly defining sort work data sets when loading very large tables. The second philosophy is non fiction, easier to implement but more difficult to support. No additional disk space is required because all LOAD work data sets are temporary. Therefore, all interim work data sets are lost when the problem essay for high job abends. Done? See Listing 33.2 for sample JCL.
Listing 33.2. LOAD JCL (Nonrestartable) To restart this LOAD job, you must determine in which phase the job abended. Solution Essay For High School? If the job abends in any phase of non fiction, a LOAD REPLACE , you can simply terminate the utility and solution essay school rerun. This can incur significant overhead for reprocessing data needlessly.
If the first philosophy is used, reprocessing is usually avoided. For a LOAD RESUME(YES) , however, if the job abends in non fiction, any phase other than UTILINIT , you must restore the table space for the table being loaded to a previous point in time. This can be accomplished by running the RECOVER TOCOPY utility or by running a full RECOVER if the LOG NO option of the LOAD utility was specified. After restoring the table space (and possibly its associated indexes), you must correct the cause of the essay school abend, terminate the utility, and then rerun the job. Paper De Marketing? As you can see, this method is significantly more difficult to restart than the first method. Try to use the first philosophy rather than the second. This makes recovery from error situations as smooth and painless as possible. Estimating LOAD Work Data Set Sizes.
The LOAD utility requires work data sets to problem solution load data into DB2 tables. The following formulas can help you calculate estimated sizes for these work data sets. More complex and precise calculations are in the DB2 Command and Utility Reference manual, but these formulas should produce comparable results. If any number in the SORTOUT calculation is 0, substitute 1. The multiplier 1.2 is factored into the calculation to de marketing provide a fudge factor.
If you are absolutely sure of your numbers , the calculation can be made more precise by eliminating the additional multiplication of 1.2. If any number in the SYSUT1 calculation is 0, substitute 1. The multiplier 1.2 is factored into solution school the calculation to provide a fudge factor. If you are absolutely sure of your numbers, the calculation can be made more precise by eliminating the additional multiplication of review example, 1.2. Always allocate the SYSERR data set to be at least 1 cylinder. The SYSMAP data set is required if either of the following is true: Discard processing is problem solution essay for high school, requested . The table space is segmented or partitioned. The space requirements for SYSDISC may be prohibitive if disk space is at a premium at your shop. Instead of de marketing, allocating the SYSDISC data set as large as the data being loaded, consider using a small primary quantity and a larger secondary quantity ”for example: Although the solution essay SYSDISC data set is optional, specifying it is highly recommended to trap records that cannot be loaded. After calculating the estimated size in bytes for done each work data set, convert the number into for high school cylinders , rounding up to thinking in research the next whole cylinder.
Allocating work data sets in cylinder increments enhances the utility's performance. There are nine possible phases of the solution LOAD utility: Sets up and initializes the LOAD utility. Reads the sequential data set specified as input and loads the essay review data to the specified table. This phase also populates the data set associated with the problem for high SYSUT1 DD with index and foreign key data. The compression dictionary is thesis on child labor in nepal, rebuilt in solution school, this step for COMPRESS YES table spaces. The copy pending flag is reset at the end of this phase if an inline copy is produced (unless the SORTKEYS parameter is paper, specified).
Sorts the index and solution foreign key data using the data sets assigned to the SORTOUT and SORTWK xx DD statements. Builds indexes and identifies duplicate keys, placing the error information in SYSERR . The recovery pending flag is reset for all non-unique indexes. Problem Solution For High School? The copy pending flag is reset at the end of this phase if an inline copy is produced unless the SORTKEYS parameter is specified. When parallel index build is specified ( SORTKEYS ), the SORT and essay BUILD phases are performed in the SORTBLD phase instead. Reads the SYSERR data set to correct unique index violations. In Research Methods? The recovery pending flag is reset for all unique indexes. Checks foreign keys for conformance to referential constraints and problem solution stores the error information in SYSERR . Non Fiction Essays? Resets check pending flag for table space. Reads the SYSERR information to correct referential constraint violations and places the erroneous records in the SYSDISC data set.
Sends reports of unique index violations and problem solution essay school referential constraint violations to SYSPRINT . Performs the final utility cleanup. The SORT phase will be skipped if the RELOAD phase analyzes the essay review data and problem for high school determines that the problem for high SORT phase is solution essay school, not needed. Creating an papers, Inline Copy During the LOAD. It is possible to create a full image copy data set during the execution of the LOAD utility. This is referred to as an solution school, inline COPY . The image copy will be a SHRLEVEL REFERENCE copy.
There are two major benefits of taking an inline copy. Paper? The first is that a second pass of the data is problem solution school, not required to thesis on child labor create a DB2 image copy. The second benefit is that the problem for high table space into which the data is thesis on child in nepal, being loaded will not be placed into a copy pending state when inline copy is specified, even if the LOG NO option is specified. To create an inline copy, use the problem for high COPYDDN and RECOVERYDDN keywords. You can specify up to two primary and two secondary copies. Gathering Inline Statistics During the LOAD. You also can generate statistics during the review execution of the LOAD utility. Solution Essay? This is referred to essay school as inline RUNSTATS . Up-to-date statistics will be generated during the LOAD instead of requiring an additional RUNSTATS step. To generate inline RUNSTATS , use the STATISTICS keyword. Solution Essay For High? You can gather table space statistics, index statistics, or both.
If you specify both the DISCARDDN and STATISTICS options, the inline statistics collected during the LOAD may be inaccurate. When a row is found with check constraint errors or conversion errors, the de marketing row is not loaded into the table, so DB2 will not collect statistics for it. So far, so good. However, the LOAD utility will collect inline statistics before discarding rows that violate unique constraints and problem solution essay for high referential constraints. Therefore, when the number of rows that violate RI and unique constraints is paper de marketing, high, the statistics could be quite imprecise. If a significant number of rows are discarded, you should consider executing the RUNSTATS utility on the table after the discarded data has been verified as wrong or corrected. Loading Delimited Input Data Sets. As of DB2 V8, the IBM LOAD utility can load data from an input data set in delimited format. In a delimited input data set, each column is separated from the next column by a delimiter character. Additionally, all the fields in the input data file must be character strings or external numeric values.
Accepting delimited input data sets allows the LOAD utility to recognize and load data from a large number of data sources. As long as each field is properly delimited by a specific character, the LOAD utility can be used to load the data into a DB2 table. When loading delimited data, you cannot specify CONTINUEIF , INCURSOR , WHEN , or multiple INTO TABLE statements. The default delimiter character is problem solution essay for high school, a comma, but it can be changed using the COLDEL parameter. Academic Papers? The delimiter character can be specified as either a regular character or hexadecimal character. When you specify the delimiter character, be sure to essay school verify that the character is specified in the code page of the source data. Furthermore, if the utility control parameter is coded in a different character type than the input file, specify the COLDEL in hex or the result can be unpredictable. For example, specify the papers done delimiter as a hex constant if the utility control statement is coded in EBCDIC and the input data is ASCII or Unicode. When loading a delimited input file, you might also want to specify a character string delimiter and a decimal point character.
The default character string delimiter is the double quote character ( ) but can be set to another character using the CHARDEL parameter. You must specify a character string delimiter only if the data to be loaded contains the character string delimiter. Though not required, you can put the character string delimiters around other character strings. To load a string containing the character delimiter character, you must double up the problem character. Critical Thinking? For example, code the problem solution for high following to LOAD a string containing: He told me You look well and I liked it. Finally, you can change the decimal point character, too. This is done using the DECPT parameter. The default is a period, but some countries use a comma. Therefore, you can change the decimal point character to another character of your choice using DECPT . The LOAD utility can be restarted.
The restart or rerun procedure is determined by the abending phase of the LOAD step. There are two ways to non fiction essays determine the phase in which the solution essay for high school abend occurred. The first method is to issue the DISPLAY UTILITY command to determine which utilities are currently active, stopped , or terminating in the DB2 system. The format of the command is. The second method to determine the abending phase is to view the SYSPRINT DD statement of the LOAD step. This method is not as desirable as the non fiction first, but it is the only method you can use when the solution essay DB2 system is down. At the completion of non fiction essays, each phase, DB2 prints a line stating that the phase has completed. You can assume that the phase immediately following the last phase reported complete in the SYSPRINT DD statement is the problem solution essay phase that was executing when the abend occurred.
After determining the phase of the LOAD utility at the time of the essay review abend, follow the steps outlined here to restart or rerun the load. In the following procedures, it is assumed that your LOAD utility processing is generally restartable. If the abend occurred in the UTILINIT phase. Determine the cause of the abend. An abend in this step is usually caused by another utility executing with the same UID or a utility that is incompatible with another utility currently executing. Resolve the cause of the problem for high abend. Thinking In Research Methods? An abend in for high, this phase is probably due to improper job scheduling. Issue the DISPLAY UTILITY command to determine which utilities are currently in process for the DB2 system. Resolve the scheduling problem by solution for high, allowing conflicting utilities to complete before proceeding to step 3. Use the problem essay SORTDEVT clause to dynamically create the SORTWKxx data sets someplace else. Restart the job at the LOAD step.
If the abend occurred in the RELOAD phase. Determine the cause of the abend. An abend in this step is usually caused by insufficient space allocated to the SYSUT1 DD statement. Another cause is that the VSAM data set associated with the table space has run out of available DASD space. Resolve the cause of the abend. If the problem is an out-of-space abend (B37) on the SYSUT1 DD statement, the data set associated with that DD statement will have been cataloged. Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the solution essay SYSUT1 data set to the new data set, delete the original SYSUT1 data set, and problem solution essay rename the done new data set to the same name as the original SYSUT1 data set.
If the problem is an out-of-space abend on the VSAM data set containing the table space being reloaded, contact the DBA or DASD support unit. This situation can be corrected by adding another volume to the STOGROUP being used; using IDCAMS to redefine the VSAM data set, move the VSAM data set, or both; or altering the primary space allocation quantity for the index, the problem secondary space allocation quantity for the index, or both. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary JCL change to in nepal alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART . Although LOAD can be restarted normally within the RELOAD phase if SORTKEYS is not used, it will restart from the beginning of the RELOAD phase if SORTKEYS is used. If the problem solution for high school abend occurred in the SORT phase. Determine the cause of the abend. Non Fiction Essays? The predominant causes are insufficient sort work space or insufficient space allocations for the SORTOUT DD statement. Resolve the cause of the abend. If the solution essay for high problem is insufficient space on paper de marketing the sort work or SORTOUT DD statements, simply increase the allocations and proceed to step 3. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to essay alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART(PHASE) . If the abend occurred in the BUILD phase. Determine the cause for the abend.
An abend in this step is thinking methods, usually caused by insufficient space allocated to the SYSERR DD statement. Another cause is that the VSAM data set associated with the problem solution school index space has run out of non fiction, available DASD space. Resolve the cause of the abend. If the problem is an out-of-space abend (B37) on the SYSERR DD statement, the data set associated with the DD statement will have been cataloged. Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the SYSERR data set to the new data set, delete the problem essay school original SYSERR data set, and rename the new data set to the same name as the original SYSERR data set.
If the problem is an de marketing, out-of-space abend on essay for high school the VSAM data set containing the index space being reloaded, contact the DBA or DASD support unit. This situation can be corrected by adding another volume to the STOGROUP being used; using IDCAMS to redefine the VSAM data set, move the academic done VSAM data set, or both; or altering the primary space allocation quantity for the index, the secondary space allocation quantity for the index, or both. If LOAD was run using the REPLACE option, restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART(PHASE) . If LOAD was run using the RESUME YES option, the LOAD is not restartable. Essay For High School? Terminate the LOAD utility and rebuild the indexes using the RECOVER INDEX utility. When the SORTKEYS parameter is used and the LOAD utility terminates during the RELOAD , SORT , or BUILD phases, both RESTART and in research methods RESTART(PHASE) restart from the problem essay for high school beginning of the RELOAD phase. If the abend occurred in the INDEXVAL phase. Determine the cause of the abend.
Abends in this phase are rare. The INDEXVAL phase is run only when unique indexes exist for the table being loaded. Resolve the cause of the abend. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary JCL change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART(PHASE) . If the abend occurred in the ENFORCE phase. Determine the cause for the abend. An abend in this step is usually caused by critical in research, insufficient space allocated to the SYSERR DD statement. The ENFORCE phase is optional and is not always run.
Resolve the cause of the abend. If the problem is an out-of-space abend ( B37 ) on solution the SYSERR DD statement, the data set associated with that DD statement will have been cataloged. Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the SYSERR data set to the new data set, delete the original SYSERR data set, and thesis rename the new data set to the same name as the original SYSERR data set. Restart the for high job at essay, the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART . If the abend occurred in the DISCARD phase. Determine the cause for the abend. An abend in this step is usually caused by insufficient space allocated to the SYSDISC DD statement. The DISCARD phase is optional and is not always run. Resolve the cause of the abend. Essay For High School? If the problem is an out-of-space abend ( B37 ) on the SYSDISC DD statement, the data set associated with that DD statement will have been cataloged. Essays? Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the SYSDISC data set to the new data set, delete the original SYSDISC data set, and rename the new data set to the same name as the original SYSDISC data set. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART . If the abend occurred in the REPORT phase.
Determine the solution essay for high cause for the abend. Abends in the REPORT phase are rare. The REPORT phase is run only if the INDEXVAL , ENFORCE , or DISCARD phases encounter any errors. Sometimes the cause for an abend in this phase is insufficient space allocated to the sort work data sets because the report is sorted by solution essay school, error type and input sequence. Resolve the problem solution essay school cause of the abend.
If the problem was caused by insufficient space on the sort work or SORTOUT DD statements, simply increase the allocations and proceed to step 3. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the UTPROC parameter to non fiction RESTART(PHASE) . If the abend occurred in the UTILTERM phase. An abend in this phase is problem essay school, unlikely because all the work required for the load has been completed. A problem at this phase means that DB2 cannot terminate the utility. Terminate the problem essay for high school DB2 utility by problem solution essay for high, issuing the TERM UTILITY command.
The format of the command is. If the LOAD utility work data sets associated with this job were cataloged as a result of the essay abend, uncatalog them and force the job's completion. The LOAD utility can run concurrently with the following utilities (each accessing the same object): DIAGNOSE , REPORT , and STOSPACE . The LOAD utility will drain all claim classes for problem solution essay for high school the table space or partition being loaded and any associated indexes, index partitions, and done logical index partitions. Furthermore, if the ENFORCE option is specified, LOAD will drain the write claim class for the primary key index. Partitions are treated as separate objects; therefore, utilities can run concurrently on separate partitions of the same object. Prior to solution essay for high school DB2 V7, to load a partitioned table space by partition, a separate, dedicated LOAD job needed to be set up for each partition.
Even then, the essays separate jobs, when run at the same time, can run into problem solution essay for high contention with NPIs. As of DB2 V7, though, partitions can be loaded in parallel within a single LOAD job and NPI contention is reduced. An additional benefit of parallel loading is de marketing, that the input data need not be broken out into separate data sets. And the same goes for solution for high school the error data set and mapping data set. Of course, you can set up your LOAD utility job to load each partition from a separate data set, with a separate discards data set for each partition, too.
This is accomplished using the INDDN and the DISCARDDN keywords to set up the appropriate data sets. Be aware that the INDDN and DISCARDDN options can only be specified if the PART keyword is also specified. They cannot be used with segmented or simple table spaces. The actual number of parallel RELOAD tasks to critical thinking in research be run is problem solution essay school, determined by the number of CPUs, the availability of virtual storage, and the number of available DB2 threads. When the LOAD utility builds indexes in parallel rather than sequentially, overall elapsed time for the LOAD job can be reduced. For LOAD to build indexes in parallel, the first condition, of course, is that there be more than one index defined for the table being loaded. If that is the case, the SORTKEYS clause must be specified with an estimate for the number of problem school, keys, and sort work data sets must be allocated to the LOAD job (either explicitly or dynamically). As of DB2 V7, you can use the LOAD utility with the SHRLEVEL CHANGE parameter to load data into a table while users concurrently access the existing data. Solution Essay School? This feature is essay, commonly referred to as an online LOAD resume.
Previously, running the LOAD utility made the table data unavailable. Of course, you could always code a program to insert the data, but that is not very efficient or simple. Online loading will work using normal SQL INSERT s. The LOAD will perform normal claim processing and no drains. But all normal SQL processing activities will occur. Problem Essay For High? This means that in this case, LOAD will cause INSERT triggers to be fired and referential constraints to be checked. When running the LOAD utility consider applying the following tips, tricks, and techniques. When index keys are not already in sorted order and indexes exist on the table into academic done which data is being loaded, consider using the SORTKEYS keyword. When SORTKEYS is specified, index keys are sorted in memory, rather than being written to work files. This can improve performance by: Eliminating the expensive I/O operations to disk. Reducing the space requirements for the SYSUT1 and solution for high school SORTOUT data sets.
Reducing elapsed time from the start of the reload phase to the end of the papers build phase. An estimate of the problem school number of keys to be sorted can be supplied. This is optional, but recommended because the extracted keys will be written to a work data set, minimizing the efficiency gains of using the SORTKEYS parameter. To estimate the critical thinking in research methods number of keys to sort, use the following calculation: If more than one table is for high school, being loaded, the preceding calculation must be repeated for each table ”the sum of the results is used. As of DB2 V7, when loading partitions in parallel along with SORTKEYS DB2 supports multiple RELOAD tasks piping their key/RID pairs to the SORT / BUILD subtasks (one per index). The number of tasks that can be supported is non fiction, roughly equal to the number of partitions.
But when SORTKEYS is specified and some tasks are allocated for reloading, other tasks need to be allocated for sorting index keys and for building indexes in parallel. Problem Solution? Thus the number of RELOAD tasks may be reduced in order to improve the overall performance of the entire LOAD job. Avoid the de marketing LOAD Utility for Tables with Triggers. You may wish to avoid using the essay school LOAD utility to add data to any table on which you have defined an INSERT trigger. Triggers do not fire during LOAD , so loading a table this way may cause data integrity problems. Instead, code a program to insert the data as needed because INSERT will cause the trigger to academic fire appropriately. Of course, this caveat does not apply to an online LOAD resume, because the LOAD utility will perform normal SQL INSERT s, thereby firing triggers as desired. Consider Serializing Loads for Tables in the Same Database. The LOAD utility is sensitive to solution essay school concurrent processing. If concurrent loading of tables in the same databases takes too long, consider serializing the LOAD jobs for those tables. Typical symptoms involve LOAD jobs that timeout or languish in the UTILINIT phase until the essays RELOAD phase of other concurrent LOAD jobs is finished.
Consider assigning tables needing to be loaded concurrently to different databases to avoid this problem. Another approach is to assign only problem, one table per database. Use LOAD to Append or Replace Rows. You can use LOAD to replace data in a table by specifying the REPLACE option. Thesis On Child Labor In Nepal? LOAD also can append new data to problem solution for high a table, leaving current data intact, by on child labor, specifying the RESUME(YES) option. Choose the school appropriate option based on your data loading needs. Use the LOAD utility, specifying an empty input data set (or DD DUMMY ), to delete all rows from a non-segmented table space. This is called a mass delete . LOAD is usually more efficient than DELETE SQL without a WHERE clause.
Specifying the LOG NO option to avoid logging data changes will further enhance the performance of the mass delete. Note, however, the following considerations: If multiple tables are assigned to a simple table space, the academic done LOAD utility deletes all rows for all tables in that table space. Consider loading a DUMMY data set even for segmented table spaces if a large amount of data must be deleted. Because DB2 logging can be avoided during a LOAD , the LOAD utility can be substantially faster than the improved mass delete algorithms used by segmented table spaces. To enhance the performance of the for high school LOAD utility, use a fixed blocked input data set rather than a variable blocked data set. Buffer the Work Data Sets Appropriately. For large loads, set the BUFNO parameter in the JCL for the SYSUT1 DD statement to a number greater than 20. A BUFNO of approximately 20 is recommended for medium- sized indexes, and a BUFNO between 50 and 100 is recommended for larger tables. The BUFNO parameter creates read and write buffers in essay, main storage for the data set, thereby enhancing the performance of the LOAD utility. Problem Essay School? The default for BUFNO is example, 8 for DB2 V3 and 20 for DB2 V4.
Ensure that sufficient memory (real or expanded) is available, however, before increasing the BUFNO specification for your LOAD utility data sets. Enforce RI During Table Loading When Possible. Favor using the ENFORCE option of the LOAD utility to enforce referential constraints instead of running CHECK DATA after the LOAD completes. It is usually more efficient to process the loaded data once, as it is loaded, than to process the data twice, once to solution essay school load it and once to check it. If LOAD with the RESUME(YES) option was executed, new data has been added to the table. However, if ENFORCE was not specified and problem solution for high school a subsequent CHECK DATA is run, CHECK DATA will check the entire table, not just the new data. Ensure That LOAD Input Data Sets Are in solution essay school, Key Sequence.
Favor sorting the LOAD input data set into sequence by the columns designated in the clustering index. Be sure to sort the data in the appropriate sequence, either ascending or descending, depending on how the index was defined. Otherwise, the LOAD utility does not load data in clustering order, and the table space and indexes will be inefficiently organized. When the index key is paper de marketing, null, it should be treated as high values for sorting purposes. If you use DFSORT to for high school sort the input data before loading, consider invoking the SORT DEDUPE option. Doing so not only can decrease the size of the file passed to the LOAD step, but it can minimize or eliminate LOAD discard processing. Removing duplicates in DFSORT can improve performance because of the different ways that DFSORT and the LOAD utility handle duplicates.
When DFSORT encounters duplicates, it sends one of the values to the output file then discards the remaining duplicates. When the LOAD utility encounters duplicates in the input file, it sends all of the solution for high duplicates to the discard file. Consider the following code for for high school DFSORT : This code indicates that DFSORT is to sort on three fields. The first starts in position 1 for academic papers done 4 bytes, the second starts in position 5 for 4 bytes, and problem essay the third starts in position 9 for 12 bytes. The first two fields are unsigned binary and the third is character. And the sort is to be ascending for each field. Finally, the SUM FIELDS=NONE statement indicates that DFSORT is to non fiction essays eliminate records with duplicate keys. Additionally, you can improve performance by removing unneeded records during the DFSORT step, instead of for high school, using a WHEN clause on the LOAD utility. Doing so can decrease the size of the review file passed to the LOAD step and the DFSORT INCLUDE is more efficient than LOAD WHEN . Consider the following sample DFSORT code: This code indicates that DFSORT is to start in solution essay school, position 9 and drop the record when the next four bytes equal 'CDBD'.
More details on how to use DFSORT can be found in solution essay school, the IBM manual number SC33-4035, DFSORT Application Programming Guide . REORG After Loading When the Input Is Not Sorted. If data is not loaded in clustering sequence, consider following the LOAD with a table space reorganization. Solution For High School? This can be performed all the time, which is non fiction essays, not recommended, or based on solution the value of essays, CLUSTER RATIO stored in the DB2 Catalog for problem solution for high the table space and its clustering index. If CLUSTER RATIO is academic papers, not 100% for solution school a newly loaded table, the non fiction essays REORG utility should be used to cluster and organize the application data. If LOAD is for high, run specifying RESUME(YES) then even if the input is in thesis on child labor, clustering sequence, the result can be a CLUSTER RATIO less than 100%. It is best to avoid sorting the input in this case. Solution Essay For High? Instead, run the load, and then run the REORG utility to cluster and organize the data. Use the LOG NO option unless the table to de marketing be loaded is very small. Doing so avoids the overhead of logging the loaded data and speeds load processing. If data is loaded without being logged, however, follow the LOAD utility with a full image copy.
Specify KEEPDICTIONARY for Performance. The LOAD utility will rebuild the problem compression dictionary for table spaces defined with the COMPRESS YES parameter. Specifying the KEEPDICTIONARY parameter causes the LOAD utility to bypass dictionary rebuilding. The LOAD REPLACE option must be specified to build the on child compression dictionary. This will improve the overall performance of the LOAD utility because the CPU cycles used to build the dictionary can be avoided.
However, this option should be utilized only when you are sure that the same basic type of data is being loaded into the table. If the type of data differs substantially, allowing the LOAD utility to rebuild the compression dictionary will provide for more optimal data compression. Keeping the compression dictionary can increase work space requirements for the REORG utility. Solution Essay? When the compression rate deteriorates, the REORG utility will send longer rows to the SYSREC DD statement. Avoid Nullable Columns for Frequently Loaded Tables. Loading tables with nullable columns can degrade the LOAD utility's performance.
If a table will be loaded frequently (daily, for example), consider reducing or eliminating the number of done, nullable columns defined to the table to increase the performance of the LOAD utility. This is problem for high, not always practical or desirable because many program changes may be required to change columns from nullable to NOT NULL or to NOT NULL WITH DEFAULT . Additionally, nullable columns might make more sense than default values given the problem solution essay for high specification of the application. Avoid Decimal Columns for problem solution essay school Frequently Loaded Tables. Avoid DECIMAL columns for tables that are loaded frequently. Loading DECIMAL columns requires more CPU time than loading the other data types.
The LOAD utility automatically converts similar data types as part of its processing. However, try to avoid data conversion, because the LOAD utility requires additional CPU time to process these conversions. The following data conversions are performed automatically by solution school, the LOAD utility: Original Data Type. Converted Data Type. Reduce CPU Usage by Explicitly Coding All LOAD Parameters. Explicitly define the input file specifications in the LOAD control cards.
Do this even when the essay for high data set to be loaded conforms to all the default lengths specified in Table 33.1. This reduces the LOAD utility's CPU use. Column Data Type. Column's maximum length. Double the column's length. Double the column's maximum length. If the input file specifications are not explicitly identified, the LOAD utility assumes that the input data set is done, formatted with the defaults specified in Table 33.1. You can use the DSNTIAUL sample program, the UNLOAD utility, or REORG UNLOAD EXTERNAL to build LOAD control cards with explicit definitions.
The PUNCHDDN keyword is used to specify a data set for the control cards. For BLOB , CLOB , and DBCLOB data, you must specify the length of the input field in bytes. Problem Solution? This length value is placed in a four-byte binary field at problem solution essay for high school, the beginning of the LOB value. The length value must begin in the column specified as START in the POSITION clause. The END specification is not used for problem for high school LOB s. Consider Using LOAD Parameters to Edit Data Before Loading. You can use the STRIP and paper TRUNCATE parameters of LOAD to tweak graphic and character data before loading. These parameters can be used in conjunction with CHAR , VARCHAR , GRAPHIC , and problem solution VARGRAPHIC columns.
The STRIP parameter indicates that LOAD must remove specified characters from the beginning, the end, or both ends of the data prior to critical methods loading it. Solution Essay For High School? LOAD will strip the characters before performing any character code conversion or padding. If a specific character is not coded, the default is to strip blanks. STRIP works the essay review example same way as the STRIP function explained in Chapter 3, Using DB2 Functions. The TRUNCATE parameter indicates that the input character string will be truncated from the right if it does not fit into the column. LOAD will truncate the data after any required CCSID translation. Create All Indexes Before Loading.
It is usually more efficient to define all indexes before using the LOAD utility. The LOAD utility uses an problem essay school, efficient algorithm to build DB2 indexes. If indexes must be created after the data has been loaded, create the indexes with the critical in research DEFER YES option and build them later using the school REBUILD INDEX utility. To insert initial data into a DB2 table, favor the use of the LOAD utility with the thinking in research REPLACE option over an application program coded to process INSERT s. LOAD should be favored even if the application normally processes INSERT s as part of its design. The initial loading of DB2 table data usually involves the insertion of many more rows than does typical application processing. For the initial population of essay, table data, the LOAD utility is generally more efficient and less error-prone than a corresponding application program, and also maintains free space.
Consider using the LOAD utility with the RESUME(YES) option to process a large volume of table insertions. LOAD is usually more efficient and less error-prone than a corresponding application program that issues a large number of thesis in nepal, INSERT s. Do Not Load Tables in a Multi-Table Simple Table Space. Avoid loading tables with the solution essay for high school REPLACE option when multiple tables have been defined to a simple table space. Solution Essay? The LOAD utility with the problem solution REPLACE option deletes all rows in all tables in the simple table space, which is thesis labor, not usually the desired result. Gather Statistics When Loading Data. If you are loading data into a DB2 table specifying RESUME NO and the REPLACE keyword, you also should use the STATISTICS keyword to gather statistics during LOAD processing. These keywords specify that you are loading a table from problem solution essay for high, scratch and that any previous data will be lost. If you are loading using RESUME YES , execute the RUNSTATS utility immediately after loading a DB2 table. Accurate statistics are necessary to maintain current information about your table data for access path determination. Of course, access paths for static SQL will not change unless all packages and plans accessing the table are rebound.
Any dynamic SQL statements will immediately take advantage of the new statistics. Concurrent loading of multiple partitions of a single table space can be achieved using partition independence. This technique is essay review example, useful for reducing the overall elapsed time of loading a table in a partitioned table space. Use Data Contingency Options As Required. The LOAD utility can perform special processing of data depending on the data values in the input load data set. Data contingency processing parameters indicate a field defined in solution essay for high, the LOAD parameters or a beginning and ending location of data items to be checked.
The data contingency processing parameters follow: Sets column values to null if a particular character string is found at a particular location ”for example: Sets column values to a predefined default value if a particular character string is found at a particular location. For example. Limits the loaded data to critical thinking in research specific records in the load input data set. Problem Solution Essay? For example. Used when there are record types in the input load data set. Non Fiction? Specifies that loading will continue, logically concatenating the next record to the previous input record. For example.
NULLIF cannot be used with ROWID columns because a ROWID column cannot be null. Spread the work data sets across different physical devices to reduce contention. Use Caution When Loading ROWID Data. When loading a table with a ROWID column, ensure that the essay input data is problem solution essay for high, a valid ROWID value. The appropriate way to do this is to load ROWID values that were previously generated by solution essay for high, DB2. If the ROWID is essay review, defined with the GENERATED ALWAYS keyword, you cannot load data into that column. Instead, the ROWID value must be generated by DB2. Loading floating point data into DB2 tables requires that you know the format of the data. Two options are available for problem school loading floating point data: Floating point data is specified in System/390 hexadecimal floating point format. This is the default value.
It is also the format in which DB2 stores floating point numbers. Floating point data is academic papers done, specified in IEEE binary floating point format. DB2 expects to find the input numbers in binary floating point format and will convert the data to hexadecimal floating point format as the data is loaded. If a conversion error occurs while converting from binary floating point format to problem essay school hexadecimal floating point format, DB2 will place the record in non fiction, the discard file. Be sure to for high optimize the papers done operation of the sort utility in use at your shop. Problem For High School? For example, you can assign additional resources to DFSORT using the following DD statement: Additionally, consider using the SORTNUM clause to increase the number of dynamically allocated files and use the SORTDEVT clause to assign the disk pool. Be Aware of the Impact of Multi-Level Security on academic papers done LOAD.
If you use multilevel security to control authorization, the user or process must have write-down privilege to run a LOAD REPLACE on a table space containing a table that has multilevel security with row-level granularity. This allows you to specify values for solution essay for high school the security label columns. To run a LOAD RESUME , the user or process must have the write-down privilege to specify values for the security label columns. Problem Solution Essay For High School? If you run a LOAD RESUME job without having the write-down privilege, DB2 will assign your security label as the value for the security label column for the loaded rows. Understanding DB2: Learning Visually with Examples (2nd Edition)
Database Administration: The Complete Guide to Practices and Procedures.